CONTRA DANCES (mostly) by Michael Fuerst
(Last updated 25 November 2015 --Update history at end of document)

Clicking the word Top anywhere in this document, returns you here. 

Questions and comments appreciated.  Send to mjerryfuerst@yahoo.com


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CONTENTS
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INTRODUCTION
Right and Left Through on the 1/2 Half {Right or Left} Diagonal
Zigzag progression
End Effects

DANCES
        Title; Formation; Difficulty
                CW means Clockwise and CCW means Counterclockwise
                (*) indicates suggested for first review.
                (!) transcription has video link to dancers doing the dance
				(?) Written in whole or part by another person
				(RL) indicates dance has a right and left through but no women's chain
				       (Someone in an  internet callers' group once requested such dances)
                Ordered by date written or, for dances written others, dated added to this document.
        Star Birth   Improper;   Intermediate-Advanced
        Should Have Danced with Nancy  Becket CW, Double Progression;  Intermediate-Advanced
        Thanksgiving Day Turkey Reheated  Becket CW, Double Progression;  Advanced
        E.J.M.J.F. in Cincinnati  Improper;  Intermediate   (*)
        Where is Tim's Cup?  Becket CCW;  Intermediate   (*)(RL)
        Dave Found the Missing Coffee Cup  Becket CW;  Intermediate   (*)
        And Thinking About Coffee Cups  Improper;  Intermediate
        The Mystery of Edwin Drood  Becket CW;  Advanced   (RL)
        Maybe You Should Write an Easy Dance  Becket CW;  Advanced (*)
        A Third Easy Dance  Becket CW  Double Progression;  Intermediate-Advanced
        A Chance Encounter  Becket CW;  Advanced   (*)
        Summer Haze  Becket CW;  Intermediate   (*)(RL)
        A.O.'s No-No  Becket CW;  Intermediate   (*)
        A Fuerst Second Third Time's the Charm  Becket CCW;  Advanced   (RL)
        A Proper Potpourri  Proper;  Intermediate-Advanced   (*)(RL)
        More Summer Haze  Becket CW;  Intermediate  (*)
        Where's Alex?  1's crossed, but below;  Advanced   (*)(!)
        Alex is Where?  Becket CCW;  Advanced   (*)
        Valparaiso  Becket CW, Double Progression;  Advanced
        The Great Urbana Barn Dance  Becket CCW;  Intermediate-Advanced   (*)(RL)
        Haven't We Met Before?  Becket CW;  Advanced
        One Shy of Twenty  Becket  CW;  Intermediate-Advanced   (*)(!)
        Allen Ortep's First Contra  Becket CCW;  Intermediate-Advanced  (RL)
        Promises and Pearls  1's crossed, but below;  Advanced  (*)
        Spin to Your Neighbor  Improper or Becket;  Intermediate-Advanced    (*)
        Near Chaos in the Cosmos  Improper;  Intermediate (*)
        Carina  Improper;  Intermediate    (*) (?)
        Carina's Variation  Improper;  Intermediate
        Stars, No Stops Forever  Becket CCW;  Advanced
        George's Neat Reel  Becket;  Intermediate    (*)(RL)(!)
        Hoots and Shouts  Becket CW;  Intermediate  (*)
        WOW !!  Becket CW;  Intermediate  (*)(RL)
        Rory O'Star  Becket CW;  Intermediate  (*)
        Doubly Good Ideas  Becket CW Double Progression;  Advanced (*)
        Mr. Johnson's Jig  Becket CW;  Intermediate-Advanced  (*)
        Say Go to the Do-si-do  Becket CW;  Intermediate-Advanced
        Mr. Johnson's Second Jig  Improper;  Intermediate-Advanced
        Geometric Discretion  Becket CW (Very Advanced) or Becket Sicilian Circle (Intermediate-Advanced) (*)
        Morning Pages  Improper;  Intermediate (*)
        More Morning Pages  Improper;  Intermediate (*)
        Hmmmm........  Becket CW or CCW;  Intermediate-Advanced (*)
        Even Heaven Knows a Hey No-No  Improper;  Intermediate-Advanced (*)(RL)
        Not Quite Fifty  Becket CCW;  Intermediate-Advanced (*)
        It Started on Facebook  Becket CCW;  Intermediate (*) (?)
        A New Idea Becket CCW;  Advanced (*)
        Swinging Among the Stars Becket CCW;  Advanced (*)
        Vet's Revenge 4 couples, duple improper;  Advanced (*) (?)
        Two Orange Cats Triple nimor, 1's crossed  (*) (?)
        A Zigzag Combination   Becket, zigzag progression;  Advanced
        Persistent Neighbors   Becket, zigzag progression;  Advanced
		
		
		

**************************************************************
INTRODUCTION                                    Top
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     The dances in this collection range from intermediate to
quite advanced.   Many require a well planned walk through, and
hence some careful study by the caller.  Tips for teaching the
dances are often given.  You may freely distribute, but not sell,
except for duplication costs, the contents of this document.

     Correspondence with comments, suggestions, discovered
misprints, and your experiences calling any of these are
encouraged.

Right and Left Through on the 1/2 {Right or Left} Diagonal   Top

     In the usual R&L through, dancers  pull by right with the person  
directly across (dancing the opposite gender role), followed by a 
courtesy turn, to end up facing the same couple across the set.  
No progression results

     A right and left on a diagonal is a double progression, since dancers end
up facing the couple who had been on the second diagonal.

     In contarst, in a "right and left through on the 1/2 right diagonal." 
dancers pull by the same gender person immediately to the right of the person across. 
Thus the men pull their current male neighbor, while the womnen pull by the woman 
in the couple they will end up facing.  Dancers then courtesy turn to face the couple 
who had been diagonally to the right, resulting in a single progression.

	 Analagously, in a "right and left through on the 1/2 left diagonal," dancers finish
facing the couple currently diagonally to the left, with men pulling by the man in that new couple, 
and women pulling by their current woman neighbor.

     When teaching this, first have dancers note the couple across with whom they would
right and left across, and then note the couple they would  right and left 
on the diagonal.  Then proceed to explain the actual action.

Zigzag progression                              Top

     A dance has what I'll call a zigzag progression when each time through the dancers progress, 
but finish on the opposite side of the set from which they started.   To visualize this, 
consider a Becket dance that starts with a progression of  a R&L through on the right diagonal, 
and which the remaining sequence leaves the dancers where they were at the end of 
the R&L through.  The next time through the dance, the R&L would be on the left diagonal.  The 
R&L throughs always occur in the direction of progression (either away or towards the music).

    The R&L's can be on a full diagonal or, as described in the previous section, on a 1/2 diagonal.
	
    In order to convey this, a caller might have dancers initially do two R&L throughs on 
alternating diagonals

     Ron Buchanon came up with this idea, and first called such a dance on Dec 30, 2016 
at the five night, four day Contradancers' Delight Holiday outside of Morgantown WV, although
his dance used diagonal 1/2 heys to progress.


End Effects                                             Top

     In all contra dances, when a couple (either a dancer with partner or
a dancer witth shadow) is out at the end, members of that couple
are simultaneously both neighbors and partner/shadow.  This can result in interesting
(and sometimes confusing) end effect, espeically in dances having either multiple
temporary visits by dancers to foursomes containing either a shadow, previous neighors,
or future neighbors. 

      Often a simple rule can enable dancers to negotiate the end effects,
for example:
(i) At the end of the set face in, but with the women on the
     left, men on the right), or
(ii) Dance around the ends, or
(iii) Do {something} on the diagonal if someone is there, or
(iv) Face back in with the man on the right, woman on the left.

Dances with sufficiently complex end effects are best reserved for experienced dancers 
or called as Sicilian circles.

        Sorting out the geometry of dances with complicated end effects requires
following a couple's movements near the end of the set during two or more times 
through the dance sequence.  

        Several dances include geometric analyses of end effects. 
Geometric Discretion, A Chance Encounter and
Promises and Pearls should be of most interest
to those interested in this subject.





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THE DANCES                              Top
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Star Birth                              Top
Duple Improper                          Intermediate-Advanced
Michael Fuerst                          June, 1989

A1      Man 1 and woman 1 turn in different right hands across
          stars:  man 1 with the couple and next active woman
          above, woman 1 with the couple and next active man
          below
        As Man 1 and woman 1 approach each other in center of set,
          they do-si-do once and almost a 1/2 more along (not across)
          the set, finishing back to back, with man 1 facing down,
          woman 1 facing up.

A2      Star left (hands across), man 1 with couple and next active
          woman below, woman 1 with the couple and next active
          man above.
        1's meet in middle, swing, end facing down.

B1      Down the set 4 in line, 1's turn as couple, return and hand
          cast off.  (For less experienced dancers, just bend the
          line.)

B2      Circle left.  1's 1/2 figure 8 above.  (Experienced inactive
          couples can do-si-do or gypsy immediately after the 1's
          have crossed between them during the 1/2 figure 8,
          finishing just in time to grasp partner's hand for the
          star right.)


Alternative:

     Do as a proper dance, in which case (i) in A1 man 1 stars
     right below and woman 1 above, (ii) in A2 man 1 stars left
     above and woman 1 below, (iii) 1's turn alone in B1.


Notes:

(1)  Alert the dancers that (i) the 1's never star with partner and
     (ii) the 2's always star with partner--first right, then
     left.   The 1's always join hands with one shadow for the
     right hand star, and with a second shadow for the left hand
     star.

(2)  A1-A2 came from a dance Kathy Anderson once called at
     Kimmswick dance festival (sponsored by St Louis' contra dancers in late May).  
	 The sequence also appears in Tony Parkes' "Here's to the Fiddler,"
     published in "Zesty Contras".


Should Have Danced with Nancy                   Top
Becket Clockwise  Double Progression            Intermediate-Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  June, 1989

Initially have each man note the man in the 2nd couple diagonally
to the left, (also identifiable as the 3rd person counterclockwise around
the set from his neighbor).  This man will quickly become his new male
neighbor, whom he'll meet for an allemande left.

A1      1/2 hey with couple on left diagonal, men start passing left
          shoulders, until partners meet the first time (6).
          (Stay put if no couple on left diagonal.
        Allemande right 1 1/2 with partner, so men meet new male
          neighbor in center (6).
        Men, with new male neighbor, allemande left in center of
          set, and give right hand to partner to form a wavy line
          of four across the set (4).

A2      Balance towards partner and away (4).
        3/4 Hey, partners start passing right shoulders, until
          meeting new neighbor for second time (on the side of
          set where the men started dance).

B1      Gypsy neighbor.  Swing neighbor, end facing across.

B2      Circle left 3/4 and swing partner, ready to hey on left
         diagonal.  (End swing on time!!)


Alternative:

     A1   1/2 hey as above.  Pass right shoulders with partner
               and new male neighbors allemande right in center.

Teaching Suggestions:  Convincing the dancers of the rather busy A1's timing is
     crucial to the success of the dance.  For the first two or three times through
     the dance, count the beats, calling during A1 as follows:
         "and 1, and 2, and 3, and 4, and 5, partners right, and 1, and 2, 3"
               [on the 1st beat of the  second phrase],
         "4, 5, men left, 1-2-3-4-balance-now"
               [all in the last four beats of A1]
     Eventually reduce this to saying "partners right", "men left" and "balance now"
     right before each action must start.  Avoiding fast music is also a good idea.
     The alternative makes the dance more leisurely, and accessible to a crowd with
     less experienced dancers.

Note:

     At the annual Dulcimer Festival in Morris IL, I was working on
     this dance's pattern.  Intent on completing the details, I
     declined Nancy's invitation to dance during the festival's
     dusk dance, which for several years has been called by
     Chicago's Tony Scarimbolo.  Nancy didn't dance this until
     November, 1991.  I like to call this dance to the song "It's
     a Sin To Tell a Lie."


Thanksgiving Day Turkey Reheated                        Top
Becket Clockwise  Double Progression                    Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                          May, 1991

In sets with an odd number of couples, the end effects differ at the top
   and bottom of the set.   To avoid this, the caller could insist that 
   each set have an even number of couples

At beginning walk through introduce dancers to their 1st shadow, the 
   person next to them who is not their partner, and to their 2nd shadow,
   the person of opposite gender in the couple to the man's right and woman's left.  
   Tell the dancers:  "If out at the end with either
   shadow directly across the set from each other, dancers face back into the 
   set with the man on the left.

A1      Neighbors and 1st shadows star left (hands across). 
        Do-si-do partner 1 1/2 to face 2nd shadow 

A2      With 2nd shadow, allemande left (4).
        1/2 hey across (with 2nd shadow, but not without partner), 
		   women start passing right shoulders (8).
        Upon passing left shoulder with 2nd shadow on other side of
           set, all turn sharply left and walk along set to meet partner (4).

B1      Balance and swing partner, end facing couple on right
           diagonal (If no couple on right diagonal, face across,
           and wait through B2).

B2      Men allemande left with man on this right diagonal to face
           partner (4).
        1/2 hey on this diagonal, partners initially passing right
           shoulders, until partners meet on original side of set.
           Pass right shoulders with partner, and all walk along set to
           meet 1st shadow. (12)
           (Near the bottom of the sets with and odd number of couples
            the men will have to scurry across the set to join the star of A1.)  

Alternative (more forgiving):

     B2 Right and left through on the right diagonal.
        Long lines forward and back.

Notes:

(1) End effects details (for those interested):

    (a) In sets with and odd number of couples,  at the bottom of the set,
	the diagonal 1/2 hey will send partners off the set  w/o a couple across.  When this
	occurs
       (i) The men must scurry across  the set to join their first shadow and 
		 partner in the star of A1
       (ii) Partners should do-si-do each other across the set to allemande
		their second shadow, and then be in a the 1/2 hey across with their partner
       (iii) After the partner swing, position themselves to re-enter
		the dance on the right diagonal with the men's allemande	

    (b) The advice  
	"If out at the end with either shadow directly across the set from you, 
	dancers face back into the set with the man on the left."  
	and 
	"If no couple on right diagonal, face across, and wait through B2"
	apply at the top of the set and at the bottom of sets with an even number of couples.  
	In such circumstances:
       (i) Dancers out at the end 	with their first shadow can star left with ghosts 
         or just turn in alone.  
       (ii) Dancers out with 2nd shadow should exchange places across set with 2nd shadow, 
         and wait for partner to balance and swing.
       (iii) After a partner balance and swings, If there is no couple on the
         right dagonal, dancers just wait through B2, and (i) will apply at the 
         start of A1  

(2)  The song "Me and My Shadow," matches the flow of the dance
     (especially B1), and reminds the dancers to seek their
     shadows.

(3)  My first (and embarrassingly unsuccessful) attempt to
     call any version of this dance occurred in 1990 at the
     annual Breaking Up Thanksgiving dance weekend, which starts
     the evening after the holiday and is organized by Chicago's
     country dance group, the Chicago Barn Dance Company.  In May
     1991, after adapting the B2 from "E.J.M.J.F. in Cincinnati"
     for the B2 here, I reluctantly selected the name.


E.J.M.J.F. in Cincinnati                        Top
Duple Improper                                  Intermediate
Michael Fuerst                                  March, 1991

A1      Balance and swing neighbor.

A2      Men allemande left 1 1/2 and swing partner.

B1      Long lines forward and back.  Women chain to neighbor.

B2      Women allemande right (4).
        1/2 hey, neighbors start passing left shoulder, until
           neighbors on the side they started the dance (8).
        Neighbors pass left shoulders and go along set to meet new
           neighbors (4).


Note:  Written on the Sunday morning of Cincinnati's March 1991
    Pigtown Fling dance weekend.


Where is Tim's Cup?                             Top
Becket counterclockwise                         Intermediate
Michael Fuerst                                  November-December, 1991

A1      Circle left 3/4.  Swing neighbor.

A2      Circle left 3/4 and pass through up and down set, passing
           right shoulder with partner to face a shadow (same
           person throughout dance).
        Star left with shadow and neighbor.

B1      Balance and swing partner.

B2      Right and left through.
        Note the couple on the left diagonal as next neigbors.
        Promenade across, but during the courtesy turn shift
           to face these new neighbors across.

Notes:

(1)  As an alternative, start the dance with B2 in order to end
      with a partner swing.

(2)  I like to call the alternative to the Beatles' "When I'm 64."



Dave Found the Missing Coffee Cup               Top
Becket Clockwise                                Intermediate
Michael Fuerst                                  November-December, 1991

A1      Slide left to new neighbors, circle left 3/4.  Swing neighbor.

A2      Circle left 3/4 and pass partner by right shoulder up and
           down set, to face a shadow (same person throughout
           dance).
        Allemande left shadow (4).  Allemande right partner 1/2, so
          women face into center.

B1      Hey, women start passing left shoulder, continue until
           partners meet on the side of set they started the
           dance.

B2      Balance and swing partner.


And Thinking About Coffee Cups                  Top
Duple Improper                                  Intermediate
Michael Fuerst                                  November-December, 1991

A1      Balance and swing neighbor.

A2      Circle left 3/4 and pass through up and down set, passing
           right shoulder with partner to face a shadow (same
           person throughout dance).
        Star left with shadow and neighbor.

B1      Balance and swing partner.

B2      Circle left 3/4, pass through to new neighbor (8).
        Allemande right new neighbor (4).  Allemande left old neighbor (4).
        (Alternative for B2:
             Hey, men start passing left shoulders, until neighbors
                meet on side they started dance.  Pass right
                shoulders with neighbor and progress to next.)
			 
Note:
    The dance can end with a partner swing by as a Becket dance
	starting with B2
    

The preceding three dances were named to commemorate David Cantieni's
"misplacing" Tim Cape's coffee cup for the whole 1991 Winter
Dance Week at the John C. Campbell Folk School in Brasstown, NC.



The Mystery of Edwin Drood                      Top
Becket Clockwise                                Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  1990

A1      Neighbors and their 1st shadows, star right (hands across).  (The
          non-partner next to dancers is the first shadow.)
        Left shoulder do-si-do partner 1 1/2 to face 2nd shadow.

A2      Neighbors and their second shadows star left (hands across).
        Swing partner.

B1      Men allemande left 1 1/2, and keeping their left hands  joined
           each man with his right arm scoops up his  neighbor around
           her waist, thus forming a line of four  in which each
           neighbor pair faces counterclockwise (8).
        Men scoop up neighbor to star promenade 1/2 way, and butterfly whirl

B2      Circle left 3/4 (8).  Everyone now on opposite side of set
           from which they started.
        Right and left through (8).


Alternative (a bit less difficult):

     B1   Circle left 3/4, pass through.  Do-si-do new neighbors.

Notes:

(1)  Teaching hints:

     Dancers never star with their partner, except when they are
     the odd couple out at either end.

     When facing off the end of the set with partner, dancers
     must immediately California twirl, to face into the set as
     if for an improper dance.  (From experience, this is
     particularly important.)

     At the ends, dancers must continue to do as much of the
     dance as possible.

     Designating those moving down the set as actives and those
     moving up the set as inactive.  Then at the end of B1 the
     actives will face down and the inactives up.

(2)  In this dance everyone simultaneously experiences the starring
     action in "Star Birth."  When this dance was written, a Broadway
     play "Drood," based on Charles Dickens' unfinished novel "The
     Mystery of Edwin Drood," allowed the audience to vote on how the
     play should end.   I originally  composed several endings to
     discourage a friend with a penchant for revising dances from
     doing so.  The friend promised not to propose revisions, I
     decided to present only one alternative.


Maybe You Should Write an Easy Dance            Top
Becket Clockwise                                Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  November-December, 1991

A1      Have dancers note the couple on the left diagonal as new neighbors.
        Promenade across, but during the courtesy turn shift
           around the set to face the noted couple.
        Forward in long lines and while coming back, roll away with
           partner on side of set.  Men look right, women left to
           note their shadow.

A2      Circle left 3/4 with shadow, neighbor (and shadow's neighbor),
           and swing neighbor on side of set on which the men
           started the dance.

B1      Women chain across to shadow (6).
        Start a hey, women start passing right shoulders.  Upon
		   passing shadow on other side of set, turn left and 
           walk along set to face partner  (10).

B2      Partners balance and swing.


Notes:

(1)  Note the intended timing in B1. The caller should warn the
     the dancers to finish the chain quickly and start the hey early.
     However, depending on the music's speed and the dancers' experience, 
     some partners  might consistently meet 2-4 beats late for B2.
     Thus the caller might want to instruct dancers to "balance if they
     wish and they have time and then swing"	    

(2) End Effects

     Dancers out momentarily at either end with either shadow or
     partner, and not swinging with partner, must face back into
     the set with the man on the right (the wrong side for an
     improper dance). 

     Partners swinging as the odd couple at the end of the set
     should end facing back into the set, as if for an improper
     dance.

     Near the end of the set partners will swing an extra time on
     the side.  (Dancers will discern this without direction.)

(3)  Named after Kathy Anderson's suggestion to me, after I tested
      this at her callers' workshop during Winter Dance Week,
      1991, at the John C. Campbell School in Brasstown NC.  First
      called on Sunday February 16, 1992 to an unsuspecting group
      of very experienced dancers during Knoxville's annual dance
      weekend.   

(4)  Having mentally tagged this dance as difficult, this dance remained 
      unused until August 2012, when reviewing my dances, this
      one now appeared quite straightforward for experienced dancers.  So I  
      called it without difficulty at the Sugar Hill dance weekend 
      outside of Bloomington IN later that month.  Due to all the new choreography
      since 2000 or so, dances once considered difficult, today are quite 
      straightforward. 


A Third Easy Dance                              Top
Becket Clockwise  Double Progression            Intermediate-Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  November-December, 1991

A1      Women chain to neighbor (6).
        1/2 hey, women start passing right shoulders.  Upon passing
           left shoulder with neighbor, turn sharply left 
		   and walk along set to face a new neighbor  (10).

A2      Balance and swing new neighbor.

B1      Forward in long lines, and while coming back, roll away with
           this neighbor (women in front of men) finishing by joining  
           right hands with partner across set.
        Right and left through with a second new neigbor (pull by partner,
           and courtesy turn with 2nd new neighbor--on man's right and 
           and women's left).

B2      Circle left 3/4.  Partners swing on side of set they started
           the dance.


Notes:

(1)  Couples reaching the end of set (as well as any couple
      initially out at the foot) must always face back into set
      with man on right.  (Savvy partners meeting at end of the
      set after A1 can balance and swing A2, end facing into set,
      with men on left, changing places during the first part of
      B1.)

(2)  This was originally written, and can be danced, as duple with
      2's, rather than 1's, crossed, and starting with A2.



A Chance Encounter                              Top
Becket Counterclockwise                         Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  February 8-9, 1992

A1      Long lines forward and back, roll away with partner while
           coming back.
        With shadow (person of opposite gender now on men's right
           and women's left), right and left through.

A2      Circle left 3/4 and swing neighbor on the side of the set
          where the women started the dance.

B1      Circle left 3/4 and turn alone to face partner (8).
           (Everyone now on side of set opposite from which they
           started dance.)
        Swing partner (8).

B2      Star left.
        Promenade across with partner, but during the courtesy turn
           shift counterclockwise around the set to face new neighbors
           across.

Notes:

    Dancers out at the end, whether with partner or shadow (both
    will occur), must face into set with the men on the right!!
    Emphasize this several times while teaching this dance !!

    Dancers, who, with partners, are out at the end at the start of A1 really
    are both partners and "neighbors", and will get an extra partner swing
    in A2, while facing across from their shadows.



Summer Haze                                     Top
Becket Counterclockwise                         Intermediate
Michael Fuerst                                  October 29, 1992

Alternate between A1-B2 and C1-D2, or just do either one.

A1      Men allemande left 1 1/2.
        Neighbors swing.

A2      Right and left through.
        Circle left 3/4, pass through up or down set by partner to face
           shadow.

B1      Star left with shadow (and neighbor and shadow's neighbor)
        Partners swing.

B2      Right and left through.
        Promenade across with partner, but during the courtesy turn
           shift counterclockwise around the set to face new
           neighbors across.


C1      Women do-si-do 1 1/2.
        Neighbors swing.

C2      Right and left through.
        Circle left 3/4, pass through up and down set by partner to face
           second shadow.

D1      Star left with shadow (and neighbor, and shadow's neighbor).
        Partners swing.

D2      Star left.
        Promenade across with partner, but during the courtesy turn
           shift counterclockwise around the set to face new
           neighbors across.



A.O.'s No-No                                    Top
Becket Clockwise                                Intermediate
Michael Fuerst                                  June, 1993

A1      Hey, men start left shoulders, until meeting neighbor for
           second time.  Pass right shoulders with neighbor, and
           all turn right and walk along set to face next neighbor.

A2      Next neighbor do-si-do.  (Optional: left shoulder gypsy instead)
        Original neighbors swing, end facing across

B1      Star left.
        With next neighbors, star right 1 1/4, putting everyone in
           progressed position on side of set they started the
           dance, across from next neighbors.

B2      Men turn back and partners swing.

Notes:

(1)  At beginnng of walk through have dancers note that the 
	 couple on the left diagonal will be their next neighbors.  
	 This will help dancers orient correctly at end of the hey

     Dancers reaching the end of the set just face back in with
     the men on the left and await the right hand star.

(2)  The star right in B1 runs into the first 2-4 beats of
     B2.  Debuted at the August 1993 Sugar Hill dance
     weekend outside Bloomington Indiana.  The dance was named 
     after Al Olson's objection to this overflow from B1, despite 
     the very positive reaction of other dancers.



A Fuerst Second Third Time's the Charm                  Top
Becket Counterclockwise                                 Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                          July 3, 1995

At beginning of walk through, have dancers note  their
current neighbors straight across, their previous neighbors
on the left diagonal and their next neighbors on the right diagonal

A1      Promenade and loop  (i.e. after courtesy turn slide right
          to face previous neighbors)
        Right and left through

A2      Circle left 3/4 and swing with previous neighbor

B1      Men exchange places by walking across set and
          and around  partner WHILE women allemanderight 1 1/2.   
		  AND everyone finish facing current neighbors  (8)
        With current neighbors, left hand star 1/2
        With next neighbors right hand star 3/4 to put
          all on side of set they started the dance
          (will run into first 2-4 beats of B2)

B2      Partners swing (or gypsy and swing) on side of set they
           started the dance and end facing across from
           new neighbors.

Alternative (requires ample room up and down set)

B2  As star turns one more place, men release joined hands
       and turn over their left shoulder to courtesy turn
       neighbor in middle of set, and eend facing partner
       up and down the set.  (Men are facing clockwise, 
       women counterclockwise, arond the longways set.)
    Partners swing and end facing across from couple
       with whom they starred right and courtesy turned.


Notes:

(1) The promenade and loop in A1 progresses dancers backwards one place
      while the two half stars in B1 progress dancers
      forward two places, making the dance single progression.
      
(2) The caller should warn dancers that they will pass the
      the same neighbors several times.

(3) Everyone ends up neutral three times at each end, but
      the end effects are not difficult. 

(5) Despite all the stuff, this dance is deceptively easy for
      experienced dancers.

(6) Roger Diggle's dance 'The Third Time's the Charm (one of my favorite
       dances) has partners swing the 3rd time they meet.
       This has neighbors swing the 3rd time they meet.



A Proper Potpourri                      Top
Proper                                  Intermediate/Advanced
Michael Fuerst                          July 3, 1995

A1      Star right (hands across)
        2nd corners (M2 and W1) do-si-do WHILE
           1st corners (M1 and W2)  exchange places by turning over
           their left shoulders and walking counterclockwise
           1/2 way around the first corners.

A2      Partners balance and swing on the side of the set.
           Second corners will be on side of set they started the dance

B1      Long lines forward and back
        Right and left through, with only the 1's rolling away
           at the end of the courtesy turn. (Everyone is now
           facing across from their same sex neighbor.)

B2      Hey, 1st corners start right shoulders, until meeting same
           sex neighbor for the 2nd time.   Pass left shoulders
           with same sex neighbor and turn sharply left to progress to a
           new same sex neighbor.



More Summer Haze                                Top
Becket Counterclockwise                         Intermediate
Michael Fuerst                                  February, 1997

A1      Circle left 3/4, pass neighbor by right to
           face a different (actually, previous) neighbor.
        Left shoulder gypsy this different neighbor.

A2      Balance and swing original neighbor.

B1      Men allemande left 1 1/2
        Partners swing.

B2      Star left.
        Promenade across with partner, but during the courtesy turn
           shift counterclockwise around the longways set to face new
           neighbors across.


Where's Alex?                                   Top
1's below the 2's. see (*) below                Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  November, 1996
Video:  https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=1565557309038
    Note:  The foreground of the video is at the head of a set, where some interesting end effects occur,
	  so also watch the line in back.  This dance requires a few times through for the dancers to master.
	  (One may have to be logged into Facebook to view the video)
		         
(*) Have dancers line up improper and emphasize they will progress in the 
    direction they arte now facing.  Then have everyone exchange places
    with their opposite sex neighbor, so the 1's are below the 2's.
	After neighbors have exchanged places, have dancers note the new person
	  now next to them (on men's left and women's right) as both their second neighbor,  
	  and as their  **special person** in the dance
	  Also have dancers note a 3rd neighbor, two persons beyond beyond the second neighbor 
         
A1      Men allemande left 1 1/2, partners swing

A2      Promenade across
        Women chain to neighbor, but at end of courtesy turn
           roll away with 1/2 sashe    (Everyone now in the position
           of a normal improper dance, bur facing across.)

B1      1/2 hey, men start right shoulders, everyone finish facing their  
          seocnd neighbor/special person (and on the opposite side of the set from
		  which they started the dance.)
         With these second neighbors, men start 1/2 hey passing left shoulders,
           finish facing the 3rd neighbor. 
           (Everyone now on the side of set they started the dance.)

B2      Left shoulder gypsy the 3rd neighbor.
        Swing the 2nd neighbor (aks special person), end facing across.
          (And their previous 3rd neighbor is now their new special person/
          2nd neighbor.)
		   

Teaching suggestions:

   Emphasize that dancers reaching the end
   of the set MUST face back in with the men on the right, women on the left!!
   (This is not quite correct, but it is what the dancers should be told.  See
   Technical note below.)   Failure to tell the dancers this at best augments the
   confusion at each end, and at worst will cause the whole set to break.   
     
Technical Notes:
   Actually, dancers reaching the end of the set after the first 1/2 hey of B1, should
   turn alone, wait during left shoulder do-si-do, and then face back into the set,
   with the men on the right.  But this nuance is more confusing than helpful, and its
   neglect only results in those near the end of the set dos-si-do'ing a person of the same sex.

Background:

   This dance borrows the two half-hey idea from Dan Pearl's "Eye of the Storm", and the roll away
   before a hey from "A Proper Potpourri."  

   Dancers gave this a lengthy ovation after its debut on Saturday night at the 1996
   Breaking Up Thanksgiving dance weekend outside Chicago.   

   Martha Edwards of St. Louis would regularly bring her then teenage son Alex to many contra dance weekends.
   In a surprisingly short time, Alex became a most skilled dancer, and a favorite partner for all the women.   
   Alex, Martha and I maintained a running joke about the impossible task of my writing a dance which everyone 
   in the hall except Alex could do.  On Saturday afternoon during the above weekend, I advised Alex 
   and Martha that    I'd call such a dance that evening.  Alas, Alex was missing from the dance floor 
   at the critical moment, so hence the dance now had a name.  As of January 2015, Alex has never danced this.



Alex is Where?                                  Top
Becket Counterclockwise                         Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  November, 1996

Teaching Hint:  Once dancers have lined up, have them note the couple on the right diagonal as
    their next neighbors.

A1      Forward and Back
        Women chain to neighbor. 

A2      1/2 hey, women start right shoulders, end facing their next neighbor
        With these new (second) neighbors, 1/2 hey women
           start left shoulders, and end facing a third neighbor.

B1      Left shoulder gypsy the third neighbor.
        Swing the second.

B2      Circle left 3/4 and swing partner

This a more straightforward variant of "Where's Alex?"
In contrast to "Where's Alex?" in this dance
     (i) the women start the half heys, and (ii) dancers
     reaching the end of the set face back in normally,
     i.e., with the men on the left, women on the right.




Valparaiso                                      Top
Becket, Clockwise double progression            Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  November, 1996

Teaching and visualization suggestion: 
   At start of walk through, have dancers note (i) the couple across as their current neighbors, 
   as a couple whom dancers will soon swing, (ii) the couple on the left diagonal as their next neighbors , and 
   the most important couple in the dance with whom they will pass by twice, and (iii) a further 
   left diagonal couple as their 3rd neighbors.   

A1      Partners promenade across, but during the courtesy turn shift
           counterclockwise around the longways set to face next neighbors.
        Circle left 3/4 and pass through to return to original neighbors.

A2      Balance and swing original neighbors.  (Also, see note below for alternative.)

B1      Start 1/2 hey, women start passing right shoulders.  Upon facing original
          neighbor veer right to face next neighbor (from the circle left).
        With next neighbor, start 1/2 hey women start passing left shoulders,
           end facing  3rd neighbor.

B2      With this 3rd neighbor, star left 3/4
        Men turn back, partners swing on the side.

In this dance, dancers swng every other neighbor.
and with the other half dancers circle left and hey.   
Dancers reaching the ends should immediately face back in the
normal way--men on the left, women on the right.

Alternative:  end  A1 end with a (leisurely) circle left 3 places, and for A2 
    Do-si-do (or gypsy) next neighbor 1 1/2 and swing original neighbor

First called in November, 1996 in Valparaiso, IN at the barn converted
to a dance hall on land then owned by Jerry Ronneau. 



The Great Urbana Barn Dance                     Top
Becket Counterclockwise                         Intermediate-Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  January 1997

A1      Star left, hands across
        Women orbit by turning back over their right
           shoulder and walking clockwise half way around the men.
           WHILE the men pull into a left shoulder do-si-do

A2      Neighbors allemande right once (4)
        Hey, men start left shoulders, until partners meet on the side
           of the set they started the dance (12)

B1      Partners balance and swing

B2      Right and left through
        Promenade across, but after the courtesy turn, slide right to face a new couple.


Haven't We Met Before?                          Top
Becket Clockwise                                Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  January 1997

A1      Star left 3/4  (6)
        Men turn back over right shoulder and do-si-do
           neighbor 1 1/2 to face a previous neighbor.

A2      Balance and swing this previous neighbor

B1      1/2 hey, men start left shoulders, until neighbors who just swung
           are right shoulder to right shoulder, with men facing in
        Neighbors from A1 (!!) 1/2 hey, men start right shoulders,
           until left shoulder to left shoulder with this neighbor
           with men facing in

B2      With a new neighbor allemande right once (4)
        Men cross passing right shoulders and swing partner (12)


Notes:  This dance, is a somewhat disorienting dance, having a lot of movement
        without connection to others (the do-si-do and the two half heys), is
        somewhat disorienting

        Emphasize the timing in A1 And B1

        This should not be danced to excessively fast music due to the tightness of A1 and B1

        An alternative to B2 is balance in a circle,
        a reverse Petronella turn (i.e. moving clockwise one place while
        spinning alone), and partners swing.

        Feel free to substitute gypsy for do-si-do in A1



One Shy of Twenty                               Top
Becket Counterclockwise                         Intermediate-Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  February, 1998
Video:  https://youtu.be/O34yi2kwy3w
        Video is from 2009 Kimmswick Dance Weekend at Cuivre River State Park outside
		Troy, Mo.   A brief segment of part of this dance starts at 5:00

A1      Long lines forward and back, roll away on the way back
        Circle right 3/4, pass neighbor by left shoulder

A2      Do-si-do a second neighbor 1 1/2 to face a third neighbor
        Swing the third neighbor, end facing across

B1      Hands across left hand  star with 3rd neighbor
        Hands across right hand star with 2nd neighbor

B2      With second neighbors,
           Men do-si-do each other, WHILE
           Women exchange places by turning back over their left
              shoulders and orbiting counterclockwise 1/2 way
              around the do-si-do'ing men
        Partners swing, end facing across

End Effects:

        When out at the end with partner, do as much of the dance as they can, 
		as follows:
		a) participate in the forward and back and roll away across the set
		b) do-si-do 1 1/2 with partner across the set, then swing a neighbor
		c) during either the neighbor or parnter swing, swing with partner 
		   and face back in as one would for an improper dance (man on left
		   women on right)
		d) otherwise, just wait with partner
		
        Named for the 1998 19th Swing into Spring dance weekends, all organized 
		at McCormack's Creek State Park in Spencer IN
        by Tom and Andrea Morrison of Bloomington IN



Allen Ortep's First Contra                      Top
Becket Counter Clockwise                        Intermediate-Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  February 1998

A1      Star left
        Right and left through on right diagonal

A2      Long lines forward, on the way back, partners roll away with a 1/2 sashe
        Circle right 3/4, pass through along set by left shoulder
           to meet couple passed during the right and left of A1

B1      Balance and swing this neighbor.

B2      Allen Ortep turn (balance in a circle, then move as an individual
           to the left one place in the circle while twirling counterclockwise)
        Partners swing.

Alternatives for B2 are
        Men allemande left 1 1/2, partners swing, or
        Star left 3/4, men turn back, partners swing
		
Those unfamiliar with the famous dance composer Allen Ortep,
   should spell his name backwards


Promises and Pearls                             Top
(See (*) below)                                 Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  November 27, 1998

(*) Dancers line up improper but then have everyone exchange places
    with their opposite sex neighbor, so the 1's are below the 2's.
	After exchanging places with their neighbors, have dancers note the new person
	  now next to them (on men's left and women's right) as both their next neighbor,
	  and the most important other person in the dance.  Alsohave dancers note  
	  a third neighbor beyond this next neighbor

A1      Long lines forward and on the way back roll away with 1/2 sashe
           (This restores normal improper position)
        1/2 hey, men start right shoulders, everyone finish facing their next 
           neighbor. (Everyone now on opposite side of set from which they started the dance.)        
        
A2      With these next neighbors, men start 1/2 hey passing left shoulders,
           finish facing a third neighbor. (Everyone now on side of set they started the dance.)
        Swing the third neighbor, end facing across

B1      Men allemande left 1 1/2, partners swing

B2      Start left 3/4, swing second neighbor.   A1 then starts with this neighbor.

End Effects:

      Dancers they will pop off each end three times at each end of the set
		
      Advise dancers that whenever they reach the end they should turn alone
        and face in, ready to particpate for whatever move next needs
        them.  Dancers at the end of the set must participate in the 
        forward back and, with partner, roll away across the set. 
		  
      For those interested in details of the end effects:
      As dancers approach an end of the set, 
      (a) They will first pop off the end after the second half hey in A2. 
          Here they turn alone and wait to swing a neighbor at the end of B2
      (b) Dancers next pop off the set after the first hey at the end of A1,
           where they turn alone and wait to swing a neighbor at the end of A2.
      (c) Dancers pop off the set for the third time after the the 3/4 star in B2.
          Dancers turn alone, ready to particpate in A1's  long lines forward,
            but rolling away with partner across the set, and the waiting to 
            participate in the half hey at the start of A2		    

Notes:  For dancers to progress correctly, the most important person
           is their next neighbor, whom they meet for the 2nd half hey and
           swing at the end of the dance. 

        Dancers swing each neighbor twice, first in A2, and then
           in the next time through the dance, in B2.

        The sequence of two half heys comes from Dan Pearl's
           dance Eye of the Storm.

        The star left 3/4 and swing a previous neighbor, comes from
           a dance Broken Promises  (if you know the author, tell me).



Spin to Your Neighbor                           Top
Improper or Becket                              Intermediate-Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  November 27, 1998

Improper version (for Becket version, start at B1 and read notes below)

A1      Neighbors balance and swing

A2      Men allemande left 1 1/2, partners swing

B1      Women do-si-do 1 1/2 to exchange places.
        On the side of the set, neighbors allemande right 1 1/2

B2      Half hey, women start left, end in long wavy lines with
           the men facing out, women facing in, neighbors' 
           right hands joined
        Balance towards your neighbor (right),
           then away (left), then slide past your neighbor to face a
           a new neighbor.  (Actually spinning past your neighbor is
           much more fun, and was the motivation for the dance.)

Notes:  The women should really exchange places during their B1 do-si-do
        so that the neighbor allemande occurs on the side of the set.

        The Becket version allows the women a bit more time to effect
        the transition from the partner swing to the do-si-do, due to the
        short (actual or perceptual) musical pause between the end and
        restart of the tune.

        Hoots and Shouts, WOW!!, Rory O'Star and Doubly Good Ideas in this
        document also have dancers progress by spinning to a new neighbor.




Near Chaos in the Cosmos                                Top
Improper                                                Intermediate
Russell Owen (revised by Michael Fuerst)                March 1998

A1      Circle left, actives 1/2 figure 8 above.

A2      With same sex person, allemande 1 1/2, men right and women left.
        Inactives do-si-do 1 1/2 to face a their neighbor

B1      Neighbors balance and swing

B2      Long lines forward and on the way back roll away with neighbor.
        All swing partner in center, end facing new neighbors.

Note:   A1, A2 and B1 are from Russell's dance "Chaos in the Cosmos,"
           posted on Russell's excellent web site
           American Country Dances On-Line



Carina                                     Top
Improper                                        Intermediate
Al Olson (appears in the book "Zesty Contras"; probably written in the 1970's.)
I've reversed the A and B parts of Al's dance, so it ends with a partner swing.)                                       

A1      Circle left, neighbors swing

A2      Women chain over and back

B1      Partners do-si-do 1 1/4 to form a long wavy he-he-she-she
           line in center containing all dancers (right hand joined with
           partner, men's left hands joined with their next male neighbor,
           women's left hands joined with current female neighbor).
        Balance right, then left, partners allemande right once around.

B2      Left shoulder gypsy same sex person who had been in left hand
        Partners swing in center, end facing new neighbors.


Carina's Variation                              Top
Improper                                        Intermediate
Al Olson, modified by Michael Fuerst on December 20, 1998
(a variation of the Al Olson dance referenced above)

A1      Circle left, neighbors swing

A2      Women chain to partner, long lines forward and back

B1      Neighbors do-si-do 1 1/4 to form a long wavy he-he-she-she
           line in center containing all dancers (right hand joined with
           neighbor, men's left hands joined with their next male neighbor,
           women's left hands joined with current female neighbor).
        Balance right, then left, allemande right current neighbor.

B2      Left shoulder gypsy same sex person who had been in left hand,
           men gypsy once around, women gypsy 1 1/2 around
        Partners swing in center, end facing new neighbors.


Stars, No Stops Forever                                 Top
Becket Counterclockwise or Clockwise                    Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                          August, 1999 - November 1999

Counterclockwise version (preferred)   November 25, 1999

A1      Forward and back, roll away.
        Right hands across.

A2      Men do-si-do while women turn back over left shoulder and orbit counterclockwise 1/2 way
        Neighbors swing

B1      1/2 hey, men start left shoulder, go to new neighbor.
        Left hands across.

B2      Women see-saw, while men turn back over right shoulder and orbit clockwise 1/2 way.
        Partners swing.


Clockwise version    August, 1999

A1      Hands across star left
        Men see-saw WHILE women exchange places by turning back over right shoulder
           and walking clockwise 1/2 way around the see-saw'ing men

A2      Neighbors swing
        Long lines forward, on the way back roll away with a half sashe

B1      1/2 hey, men start right shoulder, end facing a new neighbor
        Hands across right hand star

B2      Women do-si-do WHILE men exchange places by turning back over left shoulder
           and walking counterclockwise 1/2 way around the do-si-doing women
        Partners swing


Notes:  When out at the end, face back in with the man on the right, women on the left
        (applies only to clockwise version, and is why the clockwise is preferred)

        Dancers should keep their do-si-do's and see-saw's tight.

        Advise men that they always swing on the side of the set they started the dance.



George's Neat Reel                              Top
Becket Counterclockwise                         Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                  August, 1999
Video link: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=1564652206411 
            (One may have to be logged into Facebook to view the video)

A1      Promenade across
        Hands across left hand star

A2      Men see-saw WHILE
           women exchange places by turning back over right shoulder and
           walking clockwise 1/2 way around the see-saw'ing men
        Neighbors swing

B1      Long lines forward and on the way back, women roll in front of men,
           at end of which partners catch right hands,
        With new neighbors, right and left through  (partners pull by right
           and courtesy turn with a new neighbor)

B2      Circle left 3/4, partners swing


Notes:  When out at the end, dancers must face back in with the man on the left,
        women on the right.

        Warn men to keep their see-saw's tight.

        This was first called this at the barn (outside of Urbana, IL) of Kathy and Tom
        Anderson--during one of the occasional Sunday potlucks and dances they would host.
        Susan Burt, who declared the dance quite "neat," asked me its name.
        Not having named it yet, I invited her to suggest one, and without hesitation
        she replied "George?"



Hoots and Shouts                                                        Top
Becket Clockwise                                                        Intermediate
Michael Fuerst                                                          November 25, 1999

A1      Forward and back, and roll away (women roll in front of men, while men slide to right).
        Right hands across

A2      Men do-si-do and return to where they started the do-si-do, but facing out;
           WHILE women continue forward (clockwise) 1/2 around the do-si-doing men,
             everyone finishing neighbors' right hands to form long wavy
             lines, women (men) facing in (out).
        Balance toward and away from neighbor; spin (or slide) by  neighbor
           to face new neighbor.

B1      New neighbors, balance and swing 

B2      Circle left 3/4; partners swing


Notes:  Although seemingly straightforward, some  dancers, especially men, seem to have
        trouble positioning themselves correctly for the long wavy lines.
        At beginning of walk-through Initially have dancers line up improper, and make long waves, with the
        men facing out and the women in.  Advise dancers that they will momentarily
        reach this special position.  Then have dancers circle left one place to
        Becket position.    Emphasize to the men, that they finish their do-si-do facing out
		
        A motivation this was to sequence the following figures:  right hands across,
        orbit, long wavy lines, spin to a new neighbor.
		
		Suggest to men that at the end of roll away, they use  their left hands
		to guide the women's right hands into the right hands across
		
	    Dancers at 1999 Breaking Up Thanksgiving applauded this then unnamed dance's debut.  Hence the name.



WOW !!                                                  Top
Becket Clockwise                                        Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                          November 25, 1999

A1      Circle left
        Women do-si-do once and end face out, WHILE men orbit clockwise 1/2 around
           do-si-doing women, with all finishing in long waves, men facing in,
           neighbors having right hands joined

A2      Balance towards and away neighbor, spin past neighbor to face new neighbor
        New neighbors swing

B1      Right and left through, roll away (men now on right of neighbor)
        Hands across right

B2      Men do-si-do WHILE women turn back over left shoulder and
           orbit counterclockwise 1/2 around do-si-doing men
        Partners swing

Notes:  Initially have the dancers line up improper and form long wavy lines as
        with the men facing out, and announce this as the position they
        will soon be in.

        At ends, dancers must face in the wrong way, i.e., man on right, woman on left !!


Rory O'Star                                             Top
Becket Clockwise                                        Intermediate
Michael Fuerst                                          November 25, 1999

A1      Right hands across 3/4, finish in long waves,
           men (women) facing out (in), neighbors right hands joined.
        Balance to and from neighbor, spin (or slide) to new neighbor.

A2      Balance and swing new neighbor

B1      Hands across left
        Men see-saw
           WHILE women turn over right shoulder and orbit clockwise 1/2 way
                 around the see-sawing men

B2      Partners balance and swing

Note:   Written for the following sequence:  Right hands across collapses into waves,
           balances and spin to a new neighbor.


Doubly Good Ideas                                       Top
Becket Clockwise Double Progression                     Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                          December 11, 1999

A1      Circle left
        Women do-si-do, and end facing out, WHILE
           men orbit clockwise 1/2 around the do-si-doing women, everyone
           finishing in long wavy lines, men facing in, women out,
           neighbors right hands joined

A2      Balance to and from neighbor, spin (or slide) right to new neighbor
        Swing new neighbor

B1      Women chain to partner
        Women chain to neighbor with a extra bit of a courtesy turn to
           form long wavy lines with the men facing in, women out, new neighbors
           left hands joined (and second new neighbor right hands joined).

B2      Balance forward and back, men cross the set to partner's place,
           while women turn over right shoulder to 2nd new neighbor's place
        Partners swing, end facing 2nd new neighbors

Note:   Warn dancers that couples out at ends after B2 should face back in with
        women on right, men on left !!


Mr. Johnson's Jig                                       Top
Becket Clockwise                                        Intermediate-Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                          December 11, 1999

After dancers line up, have them note that their next neighbors will be the couple 
   on their left diagonal

A1      Circle left
        Women do-si-do, while men orbit clockwise 1/2 way around do-si-doing
            women to other man's place

A2      Neighbors swing
        Right and left through, roll away

B1      1/2 hey, men start right shoulder, finish in long waves, men facing in,
            neighbors left hands joined
        Balance forward and back, men cross set to partner's place,
            women turn over right shoulder to place of man in her right hand
			   (new neighbor).

B2      Partners balance or do-si-do and swing, end facing new neighbors


Notes:  These should be fun with rowdy jigs.
        Advise women to really turn to new neighbors place in B2, so dancers will be facing
           a new neighbor at the end of B2

        In A2, having neighbors balance and swing pushes all subsequent figures back
           one place, with partners getting a short swing at the end of B2


Say Go to the Do-si-do                                  Top
Becket Clockwise                                        Intermediate-Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                          December 11, 1999

A1      Circle Left 3/4
        Neighbors do-si-do 1 1/2, ending with men facing in, women out

A2      1/2 hey men start left shoulder, finish in long waves on opposite side,
           men facing in, neighbor's right hands joined.
        Balance to and way current neighbor, spin (or slide) past this neighbor
           to face new neighbor

B1      New neighbors balance and swing

B2      Star left 3/4, partners swing

Note:   At ends, dancers must face in the wrong way, i.e. man on right,
           woman on left !!


Mr. Johnson's Second Jig                                Top
Improper                                                Intermediate-Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                          December 11, 1999

A1      Neighbors balance and swing

A2      Circle left 3/4, partners swing

B1      Women chain to neighbor
        Half hey, women start right shoulder, finish in long waves,
           men facing out, women in, neighbors' left hands joined

B2      Balance, women cross set to take partner's place,
           while men turn over left shoulder to take neighbor's place.
           Dancers are now in long waves, men facing in, partners left hands joined
        Balance; men cross set while women shift to partner's place.
           All now face a new neighbor.



Geometric Discretion                                    Top
Becket Counterclockwise                                 Very Advanced (Messy end effects)
or Becket Sicilian Circle                               Intermediate-Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                          December 18, 1999

Initially have dancers note current neighbors across the set, 
the couple on the on left diagonal as previous neighbors, and
the couple on the right dagonal as next neighbors.

A1      Forward and back with current neighbors
        Promenade across, but at end of the courtesy turn shift 
           to face couple who had been on left diagonal (previous neighbors).

A2      Star left 3/4 with these previous neighbors
        See-saw this previous neighbor, finishing in long waves,
           men facing in, women out, previous neighbors' left and current
		   neighbors' right hands joined.

B1      Balance towards and the away person in right hand (current neighbor faced at
           start of A1), and spin or slide by this current neighbor to face a new neighbor.
        New neighbors swing.

B2      Circle left 3/4, partners swing.


Alternative:  In the second part of A2, instead of a see-saw with previous neighbor,
    do-si-do with current neighbor.   (When I have time I will see if this simplifies
    the end effects.)


Notes:

    Each time through, this dance progresses one place back (to previous neighbors),
      then two places forward (to new neighbors), resulting in a single progression.
	   
    The end effects are messy, so a Sicilian circle is probably best for this dance.
	Dancers near the ends must be ready at all times to rejoin the set in one of three ways 
    (a) promenading across the set on a left diagonal, or
    (b) joining in for long wavy lines, taking another person hands with partner across the set
        and with another person as needed, or 
    (c) swinging with someone      
	   
    For those interested in details of the end effects, if danced as a contra:
    When the a couple is the last couple on their side (i.e., facing a couple
       across, but with no couple to their right, they will experience end effect 
       three times through the dance 
       (a) The first time through they  will pop off the end with the spin in B1.  Partners can either 
            wait or swing each other during the second half of B1 (as next neighbors)
            and all of B2 (as partners)
            BUT must be ready to promenade on the left diagonal at the start of A1
       (b) The next time through the dance, after A2's see-saw, partners will 
            be at the end of long wavy lines, left hands joined with previous neighbor, 
            and no new neighbor for right hand.
            Dancers can either 
            (i) Join right hands with partner across set, balance and spin
                 across set to meet new neighbor for a swing 
            (ii) Just face back into the set backwards (with the man on the right)
                and wait a new neighbor swing
       (c) Partners next pop off the end after the promenade at the end of A1.
           Dancers should face back into the set with the man on the right, and join
             in on the long wavy lines, taking rght hands with an approaching person,
             and spin by that person for a swing with a new neighbor



Morning Pages                                           Top
Improper, Double Progression                                                Intermediate
Michael Fuerst                                          April 17, 2000

A1      Neighbors do-si-do 1 1/2, finish with men (women) facing in (out)
        1/2 hey, men start left shoulder, finish in long, wavy lines on
            opposite side of the set, men (women) facing in (out), right
            hands joined with current neighbor

A2      Balance right, then left and spin to a new neighbor
        New neighbors swing

B1      Circle left 3/4, partners swing

B2      Promenade across, women chain.

Alternative:
    B1  Men allemande left 1 1/2, partners swing
    B2  Long lines forward and back, women chain


More Morning Pages                                      Top
Improper                                                Intermediate

A1      Men do-si-do while women exchange places by walking counterclockwise
            half way around the men.
        Partners swing

A2      Circle left 3/4, neighbors swing.

B1      Long lines forward and back.  Women chain to partner.

B2      Neighbors do-si-do 1 1/2 across the set.
        Promenade single file three places in a little circle of four,
            finish facing new neighbors.

Alternative:

    A1  Women left shoulder gypsy, while men exchange places by orbiting
            clockwise half way around the do-si-doing women
        Partners swing

    A2  Circle left 3/4, neighbors swing (but now swing is on side of set
            women started the dance)

    B1  Promenade across, chain to partner

    B2  As above

Note:   A caller could switch between the versions during the dance.
        Either version can be individually done as Becket by starting with A2
		


Hmmmm...................?                                       Top
Becket                                                          Intermediate-Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                                  Summer, 2000

Counterclockwise Version 
(At beginning of walk-thru, have dancers note the couple on the right diagonal as their next neighbors.)

A1      Circle left 3/4, neighbors swing

A2      Long lines forward and back
        1/2 hey men start left shoulders, end facing a new neighbor

B1      New neighbors hands across left.
        Women see-saw while men turn back over their right shoulder
            and orbit 1/2 way clockwise around the do-si-do'ing  women.

B2      Partners balance and swing.
        (Suggestion:  Balance with man's right and women's left hands joined.)



Clockwise Version
(At beginning of walk-thru, have dancers note the couple on the left diagonal as their next neighbors.)

A1      Circle left 3/4, neighbors swing

A2      Long lines forward and back, roll away
        1/2 hey men start right shoulders, end facing a new neighbor

B1      New neighbors hands across right.
        Women do-si-do while men turn back over their left shoulder
            and orbit 1/2 way counterclockwise around the do-si-do'ing  women.

B2      Partners balance and swing.



Even Heaven Knows a Hey No-No                                   Top
Improper                                                        Intermediate-Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                                  October-November, 2000

A1-2    Neighbors do-si-do 1 1/2 (8)
        Hey, men start left shoulder (16)
        Neighbors swing (8)

B1      Star left 3/4, partners swing.

B2      Right and left through
        Circle left 3/4, pass neighbor along set by right shoulder to face
           a new neighbor

Alternatives for B  (Suggestion:  Switch among the B alternatives during the dance.)

        B1   Men allemande left 1 1/2, partners swing
        B2   Circle left 3/4.    Balance and California twirl.

        B1  Circle left 3/4, partners swing.
        B2  Women chain.   Star left.
        (With this, you may want to substitute a gypsy 1 1/2
           for the do-si-do 1 1/2 in A1)



Not Quite Fifty                                     Top
Becket Counterclockwise                                         Intermediate-Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                                  November 24, 2001

After dancers have lined up Becket, 
   (i)   Introduce dancers to their shadow--person dancing opposite gender role 
         in couple to men's right and women's left
   (ii)  Have dancers note the couple on the right diagonal as their next neighbors
   (iii) Have women note the other woman in their current foursome

A1      Circle left 3/4, neighbors swing

A2      Chain to partner
        Start 1/2 hey, women start right shoulders, but partners, upon facing each other
		   on other side of set, veer right to face shadow.

B1      Right hands across star with a shadow, neighbor (and shadow's neighbor)
        SIMULTANEOUSLY:
            Men, with the man in his star, RIGHT shoulder gypsy 1 1/2 around
            Women, with the woman across the set in her partner's star
               (her original same sex neighbor),  LEFT shoulder gypsy 1 1/2 around

B2      Partners balance (with man's left and woman's right hands) and swing.

Warn dancers that at the end of B2 thy might have to look on a slight right diagonal  
to find their next neighbors.

First danced at the  Breaking Up Thanksgiving weekend in November 2001.
Intended as my birthday present to me.



It Started on Facebook                                 Top  
Becket Counterclockwise                                          Intermediate
Michael Fuerst and Nicholas Rockstroh                             January 10, 2015

A1     Right and left through (or promenade)
       Women chain on left diagonal

A2     Star left 3 places
       Partner do-si-do, end in long wavy lines, men facing in, 
          partners right hands joined, men facing back of a new neighbor

B1    Balance, circulate (men walk forward to take neighbor's place,
          women loop over right shoulder to take partner's place,
          forming long way lines, men facing out, neighbor's right hands joined)
      Balance, then start single file promenade around foursome for 3 places

B2    Finish promenade, leaving 12 counts for partners to swing
        (or balance and swing) on original side
	

Note:   A1 and the first half of A2 was posted by Nicholas Rockstroh as
        part of a Facebook discussion of a dance he was writing
		
        Alternatives:   
           B1  Balance, circulate 
               Single file promenade around foursome for 3 places

           B2  Partners balance and swing
               or
			   Star left with shadow, swing partner (this results in
                 a surprise partner meeting at the end of each star) 
	
		
		
A New Idea                          Top  
Becket Counterclockwise                                          Advanced
Michael  Fuerst                                                    April, 2016	


A1    Long lines forward and back
      Right and left on 1/2 right diagonal
         (Explanation:
            Note couple on right diagonal as new neighbors. 
            Men pull by right with current male neighbor,   
              while women pull by right with woman in that noted couple.  
            Courtesy turn with partner and finish facing noted couple.  
            Women who pulled by will be in facing couples,   
            Women need to help partners shift during or at end 
              of courtesy turn to face correct couple.)

A2    Same two women allemande right 1 1/2, swing new neighbor

B1    With new neighbor, right and left on 1/2 left diagonal
         (Explanation: With new neighbor, note the couple  on left diagonal
		    This couple contains dancers' shadows. 
		    Men pull by right with man in this noted couple,
		    while those women who pulled by and allemanded now pull by right.
		    Neighbors who just swung courtesy and all finish facing across
		    their noted shadow.)
      Circle left 3/4, pass shadow by right shoulder
	  
B2    Partners balance and swing
	  
Teaching hints--
(1) Once dancers are in Becket position, introduce dancers to shadow, 
      the next opposite role person beyond their partner 
	  (men look right, women left)
(2) Make sure women know that the two pull-bys and allemande all occur with
    the same neighbor woman  
(3) Tell dancers that at the ends of the sets, the rights and lefts
     will occur with one person pulling by a ghost.
(4) When out at end with partner, dancers position themselves on the correct 
	diagonal to re-enter dance.
(5) During the dance, one can prompt the 1/2 diagonal rights and lefts as 
    with  "right diagonal" and "left diagonal"


Swinging Among the Stars            Top  
Becket Counterclockwise                                          Advanced
Michael  Fuerst                                                  April, 2016	

A1    Right and left on 1/2 right diagonal to end facing first new neighbors
         (Explanation
            Note couple on right diagonal as first new neighbors. 
		    Men pull by right with current male neighbor,
              while women pull by right with woman in the noted couple.  
		    Courtesy turn with partner and finish facing first new neighbors.
		    Women who pulled are in these two  facing couples
      Right and left on 1/2 left diagonal to end facing second new neighbors)
	      (Explnation:
             Note couple on left diagonal as second new neighbors. 
		     Men pull by right with man in noted couple,
		     while women pull by right with first new neighobr woman
               (SAME woman with whom they previously  pulled by).  
		     Courtesy turn with partner and finish facing noted second new neighbors.
               (Men who pulled by are in these two facing couples.)
	  
A2    Star left 3/4.  Men turn back and second new neighbors swing (on side women started dance).

B1    Star left 1/2.  
      First new neighbors swing (on side men started dance), end facing partner across.

B2    Star right 3/4 (or circle left  3/4, or promenade left  3/4 single file around foursome).  
      Partners swing on original side.

Additional teaching notes
(1) In couples popping off at ends or re-entering the dance via a right and left through,
      one person will pull by a same gender person and the other person will pull by a ghost.
(2) Dancers out at the end and facing no one after the first right and left, wait through  
      through the second right and left for a couple to appear across 	  
(3) If out at end after second right and left, face back in as for a normal improper dance
      and wait to swing first neighbor.
(4) When out at end at beginning of dance, line up on right diagonal for initial right and left





Vet's Revenge                                Top  
Four couples, Duple Improper                Advanced
Colin Hume     Published in his book Dances with a Difference, Vol. 4	
                      and in CDSS News May/June 1993

A1  Neighbor couples (1's with 2's, 3's with 4's)  star left        
    Middle couples (2's with 3's) star right
	
A2  Neighbor couples allemande left 1 1/2.  Women chain to partner

B1  All four couples promenade in a circle a bit more than 1/2 around to form a square               
      (until the original couple 1 is in  position 3 of  a square, i.e., facing the music)              
      This must be done somewhat quickly        
    Side couple women chain across
	
B2  Head couples pass through, separate and go around one to form lines at the sides         
    All swing partner, finish with the two couples now in the middle facing the nearest end,             
      and the two couples at the end facing the middle
 

Two Orange Cats                               Top 
Triple minor, 1's crossed                   Advanced
Al Olson                                    Published in Zesty Contras 

A1  1'2 and 2's swing with neighbor, end facing across,
       while 3's swing partner and end facing up
	   
A2  Circle six

B1  Adjacent persons in circle who did not swing
      allemande right and form a wavy circle of six, men facing out
    Balance forward and back
    Persons who swumg allemande left, reform wavy circle
    Balance right and left 
    (Alternative B1:  
       Adjacent persons who did not swing two hand turn
       Those who swung, two hand turn)
	
B2  Grand right and left around the circle of 6, starting with person from allemande right.
    Dance starts with balance and swng thise same person
	
Interesting information that need not be told to dancers: 
     1's will be 1's all the down the set and will never swing partner.  
     2's and 3's will alternate roles as they move towards top, swinging their partner every other time.  

Important Suggested Teaching Sequence  (modify as desired)

    (1) Initially have dancers take hands six but without crossing over 
    (2) Tell dancers
        (a) They will always form groups of six, never groups of four, 
            and that the groups of six always  form after a B&S  that starts the dance.
        (b) the most important rule is when partners swing, 
            they do so in the middle of the set and end facing the music.   
            After swinging  a neighbor, face across
     (3) Have dancers B&S partner and face music, and ask them to  think about how that feels
     (4) Retake hands 6 and first couple in each group cross over.
     (5) Teach A1:   1st two couples B&S with neighbors end facing across, the 3rd couple B&S with partner, end facing music.  
	     Have dancers note how group of 6 naturally forms
		 (The two couples facing across may need to look away from the music to find the third couple.)  
          On subsequent walk-thrus, pause to ensure dancers form the  groups of six
     (6) Before teachingh A2:  Take hands in a circle of six 
           Have dancer note the “old” person whom whom they just swung, 
		      and a “new” person (to the man's left and woment's right) whom they will swing next. 
           Warn dancers that during te dance their partner will sometimes be the old person and sometime he new    
     (7) Teach A2, B1 and B2,referring to old and new persons when appropriate 
	 (8) Have dancers to wait, ready toswong 
     (9) Tell dancers about end effects:
         (a) Couples out at the top cross over and wait two times until they have 
             two couples with whom to dance, and start with a neighbor B&S and face across
         (b) Couples at bottom always enter the dance with a partner balance and swing to face the music.
             A lone couple out at the end will wait and re-join in with a partner B&S and face the music.   
             When two couples are out at end of set they must exchange places.  
               The couple then closer to the music, will next enter the dance with a partner B&S and face the music, 
               while the other couple waits out again.   
      (10) Start SECOND walk through 
           At end of second walk through, remind couple out of top and a second couple at top to wait out
      (11) Start third walk though
      (12) Review the rules
              After partner swing face the music, after neighbor swing face across
              Always form circles of 6 after the initial balance and swing
                Know who you will swing next

Suggested prompts
      A1:   Balance and swing, partners face the music,  form circle of six
      A2:   Circle left 6;  identify the new 
      B1:   New people right,   Wavy circle Bal F&B
            Old people left;    Wavy circle Bal  R&L
      B2:   Face the new, righs and lefts, get ready to swing he new
	  
	  
A Zigzag Combination                                                  Top
Becket, Zigzag progression               Advanced
Michael Fuerst                                                 February, 2017	

Read the section on zigzag progression before reading this dance !!

A1  Right and left through on 1/2 right diagonal
       (alternate each time through between right and left diagonal)
    Woman allemande right 1 1/2
	
A2  Neighbors balance and swing

B1  Full hey, men start left shoulder, but women ricochet the first time they meet

B2  Partners balance and swing on side of set men swung with neighbor

Note:  If the right and left through of A1 is instead on a full diagonal,
       the dance becomes double progression

	   
Persistent Neighbors            Top  
Becket Zigzag progression                  Advanced
Michael  Fuerst                                                  February, 2017	

Read the section on zigzag progression  before reading this dance !!
In the following description, each time through the dance alternates between
   the words in **'s and []'s

A1   Right and left through on *right* [left] 1/2 diagonal to face new current neighbors
       (i.e., couple who had been on *right*  [left] diagonal)
     Star left 3/4, and turn back on neighbor to face *future* [previous] neighbor
 
A2   Gypsy *future* [previous] neigbor, swing current neigbor

B1   Forward and back
     Star left 3/4, face away from partner to face *first* [second] shadow
	 
B2   Gypsy (first) [second] shadow, swing partner

Notes:  When the 1/2 diagonal R&L is on the right diagonal, dancers gypsy a future neighbor
          and swing a current neighbor.  The next time throught the dance, with a  
          1/2 R&L on the left diagonal, dancers encounter the same two neighbors,
          but in reverse order.  The third and fourth time through, dancers encounter 
          a new pair of neighbors.   
        Dancers have two shadows, encountering each one every other time through the dance 
        During the dance one might want to prompt with 
          (a) "different" instead of "previous" or "future"
          (b) "R&L to progress" rather than "R&L on the *right* [left] diagonal"
		 
		 


    
Update history                                  Top

28 Nov 2016  Improved explanations of "A New Idea"
18 Sep 2016  Added dances "Vet's Revenge" and "Two Orange Cats"
29 Aug 2016 -  Updaed explanations of dances added 9 May 2016
9 May 2016 - Added dances  "A New Idea" and "Swinging After Stars"

28 Feb 2016 - updated end effects of "One Shy of Twenty"

10-11 Jan 2015  -  Added dance "It Started on Facebook"

2-5 Jan 2015 -  simplified the discussion of end effects;  clarified many descriptions;
              better attributed the Carina dances to Al Olson, who passed away a week or so earlier

11 Nov 2014 -  simplified instructions for "Maybe You Should Write and Easy Dance"  
                  and corrected various misspellings

1 Aug 2014  -  corrected  "More Carina" and "Carina's Variation" from having a gypsy to having a 
                  left shoulder gypsy (although I've always called them with a left shoulder gypsy)

6 July 2014 - simplified teaching instructions for "Where's Alex?",  "Alex is Where?", and
                "Promises and Pearls"

18 May 2014 -  Added that either version of More Morning Pages can be done as Becket
               To several dances, added that at beginning of walk through, dancers 
			   should note their next neighbors on an appropriate diagonal.

3 July 2013 - various minor changes

2 January 2012 – added youtube video link for “George's Neat Reel”
                 other minor corrections

23 July 2011 -  correctly designated “Morning Pages” as double progression 

29 Aug 2010  - Changed A2 and rewrote teaching hints of “Where's Alex?” 

2005-2010   - Various minor changes, which I neglected to document

4 July 2005 - Several rewordings and spelling corrections
              Inserted contact information

25 November 2001 – Modified “What Would Gene Think", and renamed it "Not Quite Fifty"

18 November 2000 - Miscellaneous typos corrected and clarifications made.
                   "Hmmmm........" and "Even Heaven Knows a Hey No-No" added.
                   Repaired "What Would Gene Think?"
                   Rewrote teaching notes for "Where's Alex?"

23 May 2000     -  Added "Morning Pages", "More Morning Pages" and "What Would Gene Think?"

18 January 2000 -  Correctly noted "Where is Tim's Cup" as Becket counterclockwise
                   and "Mr. Johnson's Second Jig" as Improper.
                   Added section on "Teaching Tips for Roll-Aways and orbits"
                   Improved discussion of end effects.
                   Miscellaneous typos corrected.

19 December 1999 - Added "Geometric Discretion", discussion of geometric analyses of
                   end effects, and miscellaneous typos.

12 December 1999 - Added "Hoots and Shouts", "WOW !!", "Rory O'Star", "Doubly Good Ideas" ,
                   "Mr. Johnson's Jig", "Say Go to the Do-si-do", and "Mr. Johnson's Second Jig"

25 November 1999 - Added a set of dances called where dancers spin to a new neighbor.
                   Improved "Stars, No Stops Forever"

2 October 1999 -   added "George's Neat Reel" and "Stars, No Stops Forever"

26 May 1999  -     Corrected errors in "More Carina" and "One Shy of Twenty."
                   Realized "Alex is Where?" also works well as Becket.
                   Several minor typos corrected.